Research List on Dogs and Music/Sound

Bowman, A., Scottish, S. P. C. A., Dowell, F. J., & Evans, N. P. (2015). ‘Four Seasons’ in an animal rescue centre; classical music reduces environmental stress in kennelled dogs. Physiology & behavior143, 70-82.

Bowman, A., Scottish, S. P. C. A., Dowell, F. J., & Evans, N. P. (2017). The effect of different genres of music on the stress levels of kennelled dogs. Physiology & behavior171, 207-215.

Brayley, C., & Montrose, V. T. (2016). The effects of audiobooks on the behaviour of dogs at a rehoming kennels. Applied Animal Behaviour Science174, 111-115.

Engler, W. J., & Bain, M. (2017). Effect of different types of classical music played at a veterinary hospital on dog behavior and owner satisfaction. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association251(2), 195-200.

Kogan, L. R., Schoenfeld-Tacher, R., & Simon, A. A. (2012). Behavioral effects of auditory stimulation on kenneled dogs. Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research7(5), 268-275.

Wells, D. L., Graham, L., & Hepper, P. G. (2002). The influence of auditory stimulation on the behaviour of dogs housed in a rescue shelter. Animal Welfare, 11(4), 385-393.

Wells, D. L. (2009). Sensory stimulation as environmental enrichment for captive animals: a review. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 118(1), 1-11.

The following table lists the papers in chronological order and summarizes what types of music/sound were compared, what was measured to determine the dogs’ response, and the outcome.

 

DateTitleWhat was comparedMetricsOutcome
2002The influence of auditory stimulation on the behaviour of dogs housed in a rescue shelter.human conversation, classical
music, heavy metal music, pop music, control
positions in kennels, movement, vocalizationDogs rested more and less time standing during classical music; barked less in classical music. Dogs barked more during heavy metal.
2012Behavioral effects of auditory stimulation on kenneled dogs.classical, heavy metal, Through a Dog's EarClassical music resulted in dogs sleeping more and barking less. More body shaking during heavy metal. TADE had "minimal" effect.
2015 ‘Four Seasons’ in an animal rescue centre; classical music reduces environmental stress in kenneled dogs.classical music, no musicheart rate variability, behavior, salivary cortisolNo difference in cortisol. Heart rate and behavior showed less stress during music. Calming effects disappear after 7 days (habituation)
2016The effects of audiobooks on the behaviour of dogs at a rehoming kennels.audiobook, classical music, pop music, psychoacoustically designed dog music, no auditory controldogs' behaviorDogs appeared least stressed during audiobook. TADE less effective than audiobook and classical.
2017 The effect of different genres of music on the stress levels of kennelled dogs.Playlists of Soft Rock, Motown, Pop, Reggae,
Classical
heart rate variability, behavior, salivary cortisolTrying to prevent habituation with variety. Least stress per heart rate with reggae and soft rock. No effect on barking. Cortisol problematic.
2017Effect of different types of classical music played at a veterinary hospital on dog behavior and owner satisfaction.classical, Through a Dog's Ear (same pieces), no musicdog's behavior as assessed by owner and tech (re: anxiety), body temperature, heart rateNo statistically significant difference between no music and either the classical music or TADE.